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The Appeal of the Science Fiction Exploitation Movie –

The Appeal of the Science Fiction Exploitation Movie

Saturday , 18, November 2017 8 Comments

In a previous post, I mentioned why it’s so difficult to make good science fiction movies and why they’re rarer than studios not currently embroiled in a sex scandal.  However, there is a more effective approach which can significantly boost one’s chances of making a worthwhile and successful film in this genre.  Unsurprisingly, this is the exact opposite of what Hollywood is doing today.

I am talking about the science fiction exploitation movie.  In many ways, one can consider them the movie analogs of the pulp novel.  Free of pretension, they’re all about action and adventure.  They’re concerned with bizarre characters and scenarios, not with moralistic lessons or fancy-sounding mumbo-jumbo written by scientific illiterates who couldn’t solve a basic incline plane statics problem.  Some might deem them simple, but with movies, that’s a relative term.  Thematically, most science fiction classics are straightforward, whether it’s The Fifth Element or Blade Runner.

There is one exploitation movie most readers have seen, and it’s one they might not immediately consider as such.  Namely Mad Max and its sequel, The Road Warrior.

These two movies are violent, action-packed, and earthy, already a departure from most staid, glossy, bloodless science fiction films made since.  Note too how iconic the post-apocalyptic the world it creates is, endless parodied and copied in the decades since.  It’s filled with dirt and disorder, as opposed to the perfect cleanliness and order of big budget science fiction movies.  While the storylines are simple enough, there is tremendous imagination in the look of the mohawk-wearing punks, the reliance on gasoline in the future, and the many weird, amusing characters.  The film even features several funny moments, a vital ingredient in science fiction that is rejected by newer, more “serious” attempts.

The combination of the action, imaginative world, and iconic characters creates a successful, enduring classic.  Ask yourself if a recent science fiction movie has featured anything as cool or as memorable as the short introduction of Lord Humongous at the beginning of this clip? And it’s simply a minor scene, not even featuring the main character!

You thought I was kidding about the gimp suit, huh?

An exploitation movie, by focusing on pure entertainment, need not even have an imaginative world OR particularly iconic characters to have a measure of success.  While nowhere near as good as Mad Max, Death Race 2000 (1975) is a perfectly entertaining flick.  For those unfamiliar with the cult classic, it’s about a futuristic cross-country race whose rules are never made exactly clear, except that killing opponents and random pedestrians is a mark in one’s favor.  It’s nothing more than an excuse to feature oddball racers (including David Carradine in a black leather gimp suit as “Frankenstein”, apparently not such a departure from his real life, as we would later learn) shooting and throwing bombs at one another and pedestrians.  Despite the many imitators and an entire genre of racing games it spawned, the original still stands up well to this day.  Since it’s fast-paced, focuses on action, and is humorous and tongue-in-cheek, any deficiencies in its story or plot become less relevant, as it’s not what the movie is striving for.

An accurate depiction of most politicians, only far less monstrous.

Lastly, let’s look at a higher-budgeted, more modern science fiction exploitation movie, They Live (1988). It was a major studio release headed by one of the biggest directors in the world then, John Carpenter.  And yet, it’s still an exploitation movie at its core.  There are a pair of weird sunglasses that allows “Rowdy” Roddy Piper to see that certain humans are really horrifyingly ugly aliens.  Where the hell did these sunglasses comes from?  Where the hell did these aliens come from?  What is their goal?  Why didn’t they conquer the Earth by more conventional means?  Who knows?!  More importantly, who cares?!  Again, the focus is on the action, weird characters, and memorable scenes and situations.  And it too, despite the often gritty vibe, has many moments of the humor, including the very last image of the movie.

This is not to say that all science fiction exploitation movies are good or even entertaining.  But the chances of making another Mad Max, Death Race 2000, or They Live is much higher than that of another Planet of the Apes (1968) or Blade Runner.

Thus, for those disappointed by modern science fiction movies, I encourage one to check out some of the older exploitation films.

  • Andy says:

    The Hidden. A buddy cop movie in which one of the buddies is an alien possessing the body of an FBI agent hunting down another alien that’s leaping from host to host while on a robbing and killing spree while driving exotic sports cars and listening to heavy metal.

    Also, Battle Beyond the Stars is a pretty good low-budget Star Wars rip-off. Star Wars took inspiration from The Hidden Fortress, so BBtS went with The Seven Samurai. Lots of fun characters, including Sybil Danning in a Valkyrie outfit.

    • Vlad James says:

      I’ve had “Battle Beyond the Stars” on my to-watch list for a while. It was directed by Jimmy Murakami, who, a year later, would be one of the directors on the awesome “Heavy Metal”.

      My favorite Star Wars rip-off is probably “Krull”. Best soundtrack in movie history and one of the best fantasies.

      Thanks for the heads-up about “The Hidden”; I feel like I’ve seen parts of it when I was younger, but never the whole thing.

      • Emmett Fitz-Hume says:


        My favorite Science Fantasy film of all time. And you’re absolutely correct about the soundtrack. i listen to it all the time on Youtube. Its James Horner “borrowing” from himself and other composers. But its his best by far (Wrath of Khan comes in second)

        8 Year old Me would have given his left and possibly right testicle for a Glave to wield and a Firemare to ride.

        • Vlad James says:

          “Krull” was my favorite science fiction/fantasy film as a kid. (In fact, I was probably 8 years old at the time) Later, as an adult, I decided to re-watch a bunch of childhood favorites…and hated most of them. “How could I ever have liked that crap?!” I would think.

          So I was reticent about revisiting “Krull”. But as I watched the movie, it slowly but surely sparked the same emotions of wonder, adventure, and excitement as it did when I was a kid. I’ve never understood why it wasn’t more successful or highly rated, either upon release or now.

          Heh, I also listen to the soundtrack on Youtube a lot; besides the main theme, “The Widow’s Lullaby” and “Ride of the Firemares” are my favorites. It’s funny, since Horner would go on to have such a long and successful career, but this soundtrack, one of his first, was also his very best.

          And yeah, I don’t know if that was the first major appearance of that particular Glaive (different from the historical glaive), but it has been replicated a LOT in various adventure/fantasy games since then. Very cool and ingenious design.

          Neat to know someone else here holds the movie in such high regard.

  • I’m not getting a functional definition of what you are calling exploitation here. Thematically, Mad Max, Death Race 2000, and They Live don’t seem to have much in common (save that they all have strong political subtexts.)

    Is it that the films rely on violent action as their audience draw? That’s kind of the impression that I get, but more examples might make that clearer.

    Of the following, which would you classify as exploitation?

    Rollerball, Logan’s Run, The Thing, Return Of The Living Dead, Alien, Men In Black, Killer Klowns From Outer Space?

    • Vlad James says:

      Fair enough. I’ve been on a site devoted to exploitation/lesser-known movies for many years now, so I automatically assume everyone knows what they are, and the status of those three movies as such. That was probably a mistake.

      Anywho, Mad Max, Death Race 2000, and They Live are all dystopian films set in the future. And, rather than being overtly SERIOUS, they are focused on (or exploit) the violence, action, and shock of their premise.

      Compare the deep, balanced story of “Planet of the Apes”, or the clumsy attempts at such by something like the “I, Robot” adaptation, with the pure action and carnage of those three movies.

      Anywho, I haven’t watched all the movies you listed, but

      Rollerball- Definitely exploitation.
      Logan’s Run- Haven’t seen it.
      The Thing- Has some influence from/elements of exploitation, like most of Carpenter’s movies do, but I wouldn’t quite consider it as such.
      Return of the Living Dead- Haven’t seen it. Also, this movie looks cool and funny, and I somehow didn’t know about it, so thanks for the mention.
      Alien- Not exploitation. More of a horror film in a science fiction setting with some action/adventure elements.
      Men in Black- No. Doesn’t really exploit anything; just an action comedy.
      Killer Klowns from Outer Space- Absolutely exploitation.

      • That makes sense. I’m surprised that you haven’t seen “Return Of The Living Dead”–in my opinion it is the film that really launched the whole Zombie Apocalypse sub-genre, more than the Romero series. The whole “zombies eat brains” trope comes from Dan O’Bannon, for example. (And on the director’s commentary he explains why–the undead can feel themselves decaying and are in constant pain as a consequence. The only thing that stops the pain is the endorphins in living brain tissue.)

  • I’d include “Omega Man,” and please don’t hate me for this — I enjoyed the remake “I Am Legend” as well.
    If I recall correctly, Krull was shown in a weird form of 3D and all I can remember about it was that it gave me a headache.

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